The Breguet 14 (or Breguet XIV or Bre.14) was a French reconnaissance aircraft and light bomber from World War I and the interwar period. The machine was built in a biplane system, it had a mixed structure and a classic - fixed undercarriage. The prototype flight took place in 1916, and serial production started in 1917. Approximately 8,000 aircraft of this type of all versions were created during it. The drive - in the B2 version - was provided by a single engine Renault 12Fe with a power of 300 hp. The deck armament consisted of three 7.7 mm machine guns. The machine could carry a load of bombs weighing up to 300 kilograms. The Breguet 14 was developed by Louis Breguet in response to the requirements set by the French military aviation for a new light bomber plane. The machine marked the return of this great aviation constructor to the plane with a towing propeller, as well as the large-scale use of duralumin, which was a novelty among aviation constructions of that time. The machine also had good flight range and performance. It is widely recognized as one of the best light bombers of the First World War. In the course of serial production of this successful aircraft, many of its development versions were created, including: Bre.14 A2 (reconnaissance version), Bre.14 B2 (bomb version) or Bre.14S (sanitary version). Airplanes of this type were used, inter alia, in the military aviation of Belgium, Spain and Poland. The last copies of this aircraft were withdrawn from the Polish airline service by 1932.
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