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Ключевые слова #F.2B #DR.1
In 1916. the British Royal Flying Corps ordered a two-seater fighter from several aviation companies, which could defend itself against attacks by enemy aircraft. An observer or a shooter in the second cabin, operating a movable machine gun mounted on a turntable, was to contribute to this. The construction of such an aircraft was undertaken by the Bristol company, and at the beginning of 1916. Eng. Frank Bornwell, the company's constructor, designed the plane in a biplane layout, with the fuselage suspended between the wings and with a very close distance between the pilot's and observer's or gunner's open cabins so that they could easily communicate. The prototype of the plane powered by the Falcon in-line engine, designated the Bristol F.2A, was flew on September 9, 1916. During the flight tests, the prototype confirmed the good handling properties and the assumed performance. At that time, 50 of these aircraft were ordered, with which two Royal Flying Corps squadrons were equipped. After introducing a few design changes, the series production of the aircraft, designated the Bristol F.2B Fighter, began. In addition to British aviation orders, the plant also received orders from other countries. Overall, from 1916. by the end of World War I, 3101 Bristol F.2B Fighter aircraft were produced, and after its completion, a further 378 aircraft for British and 49 for foreign aviation. They were also produced under license in the USA of 50 pieces and in Belgium - 40 pieces. For the first time, 6 Bristol F.2B planes from 40 Squadron fought in the air on April 5, 1917. over Arras in France with 5 fighter planes from Richthofen's squadron. The German pilots then shot down 4 English planes without suffering any losses. Only the change of the tactics of using these planes from defensive to offensive showed their advantages and the pilots on these planes achieved a number of victories and so 20 RFC squadron equipped with Bristol F.2B Fighter planes shot down a total of 613 enemy planes. Individually, the most victories on this type of aircraft were achieved by the Canadian crew: Maj. Pil. A. Mac Keever and the gunner LF Powell, the first of them shot down 30 and the second 6 German planes within six months. The advantages of this aircraft, which were confirmed during the fights in World War I, meant that it was used in the British RAF aviation until 1932. Until the mid-thirties, it was also used in aviation, among others in Belgium, China and Spain. Ireland and Mexico. Technical data: Maximum speed: 192 km / h, speed of climb: 5.1 m / s, maximum altitude: 6100 m, maximum range: 467 km, armament: fixed - 3 machine guns, 7.7 mm caliber.German Fokker Dr. I triple-lobe fighter plane from the First World War. The work of Anthony Fokker and Reinhold Plat. The plane was a German response to the appearance of the British Sopwith Triplane fighter. The Fokker Dr.I was characterized by fantastic maneuverability, a very high rate of climb, and achieved a decisive advantage in wheel combat with biplane planes. However, it had a low top speed (165 km / h), which was partly also due to the use of a weak 110 HP engine. The first pre-production vehicles (marked with the symbol V.5) were tested by eminent German pilots: Werner Voss and Manfred von Richthofen, nicknamed the "Red Baron". It was the latter who made this model of aircraft famous, winning many victories on it. Serial Fokker Dr. I planes served at the front from October 1917. until the end of the war. A total of 320 units were produced. Technical data: Top speed: 165 km / h; climb speed 5.7 m / s, maximum ceiling 6095 m, armament: two 7.92 mm Spandau machine guns, firing through a propeller.
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